The Valley of the Moon is a desert place and point of tourist attraction, located in the Atacama desert, 13 km west of San Pedro de Atacama and 110 km of Calama, belonging to the Region of Antofagasta. In 1982 it was declared a nature sanctuary and is part of the Los Flamencos national reserve, its income is managed by Conaf and is accessible from San Pedro de Atacama.
Together with the so-called Valle de la Muerte, this place is unique within the environment surrounding the Orbate mountain range at 2,500 meters above sea level, it is a relative-sized depression of 440 km² of the so-called Cordillera de la Sal in the Salar de Atacama surrounded by crests of 500 m elevation. Its extension includes from the west by the mountain range of Domeyko, by the east by Toconao and Peine by the south.
It was modeled over millennia by fluvial and aeolian erosion, those that have carved its soil in such forms as: crests with tips, hollows, mounds of gray and ocher colors, which give it that characteristic moonlike appearance.
The Valley of the Moon is a site that is characterized by the abruptness of the scenic break, the scenic beauty of its earth colors, the absolute silence and the scarcity of humidity, flora and fauna, finding only a few examples of lizards.
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