THE FOREST IN THE MIDDLE OF THE DESERT: FRAY JORGE NATIONAL PARK

 

63284-parque-nacional-fray-jorge

Visit an extraordinary natural phenomenon. A forest that grows in the middle of a coastal desert zone, more than 1,250 km away from its normal habitat, becomes a real testimony of what was the Atacama desert more than 30,000 years ago.

Walk this land of gentle slopes with paths that will take you to lookouts from which you can see different species of animals such as hawks, partridges, Humboldt penguins and culpeo foxes.

Towards the interior of the forest you will be able to see up close the more than 440 species of trees and native plants and breathe the pure air of the millenary nature.

This park, declared by UNESCO as a World Biosphere Reserve, presents an extraordinary natural phenomenon: a forest, Valdivian type, in a coastal desert area. The existence of this forest depends on the condensation of the coastal fog, called camanchaca, since the rainfall of the area does not exceed 113 mm. annual Canelos, olivillos, tepas and great variety of ferns, survive to more than 1,250 km of their normal habitat, in a surface of 400 hectares approximately.

Founded in 1941, the Fray Jorge Forest represents a true natural relic, a relict hydrophilic forest of the Quaternary period, that is to say it is a sample of what was, today, the Atacama desert, the driest in the world, in the Last glaciation occurred more than 30,000 years ago, when the humid forests were distributed to quite low latitudes.

No doubt a wonderful natural spectacle that shows us the strength of nature and the changes that have occurred in our territory.